What is the best diet for fatty liver treatment and why is it important to lose weight, but to do so only gradually?
Fatty liver is one of the causes of several diseases including chronic liver disease and obstructive heart disease.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver is a condition in which there is an accumulation of fats in the liver cells at a rate of more than 5% of the liver’s weight without the presence of hepatitis B or hepatitis C viruses and not on the background of increased alcohol consumption.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver is one of the causes of chronic liver disease and a risk factor for diabetes and obstructive heart disease. Insulin resistance is a decisive factor in the development of fatty liver, but there are many other factors such as the existence of inflammation, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, and genetic background.
The best diet for fatty liver:
Weight loss: Gradual weight loss (at a rate of 5% to 10%) combined with physical activity is the most effective way to treat fatty liver. Rapid weight loss may actually encourage inflammation and scarring of the liver, so it is important to observe a gradual weight loss.
The composition of the food or diet for fatty liver: There are certain advantages to the Mediterranean diet compared to other diets. This diet includes vegetables, fruits, legumes, olive oil, nuts and seeds, whole grains, fish, poultry, and dairy products.
Carbohydrates must receive special attention in this disease, especially simple carbohydrates such as sugar, fructose, honey, white flour, and above all sugary drinks. These carbohydrates increase insulin and triglyceride levels and thus increase the production of fat in the liver.
That is why you should eat carbohydrates in a controlled manner and avoid the consumption of simple carbohydrates. It should be noted that low-carbohydrate diets resulted in an improvement in indicators such as weight loss, a decrease in triglyceride levels, and a decrease in the level of fat in the liver.
Fats and especially saturated fats found in fatty animal products such as raw or processed red meat, sausages, sausages, internal organs, and high-fat dairy products have a negative effect on the condition of the liver. These foods cause fatty liver and all need to avoid.
Conversely, consuming polyunsaturated fatty acids found in fish such as tuna and sardines, walnuts, flaxseeds, and canola oil may have a positive effect.
Alcohol: It is recommended to reduce drinking alcohol. In any case, men are advised not to drink more than 30 grams of alcohol per day (which are equivalent to about 2 servings of alcohol per day) and women are recommended not to drink more than 20 grams of alcohol per day (which are equivalent to one serving).
Non-diet treatment for fatty liver
Physical activity. It is recommended to engage in aerobic activity 3 to 5 times a week, 30 to 50 minutes each time. It is also important not to neglect resistance training that contributes to muscle building and thus leads to metabolic improvement and an improvement in the condition of the fatty liver.