Hypertension and hypotension are two different diseases. What is the difference between high blood pressure and low blood pressure? Come on, see the full details here.
Blood pressure or tension is one of the vital signs that must be monitored regularly. There are two types of blood pressure disorders, namely hypertension, and hypotension. How far do you know the difference between hypertension and hypotension?
In short, hypertension is high blood pressure, while hypotension is low blood pressure. Both can be known through blood pressure checks.
There are certain measurement values that indicate someone is said to have low blood pressure or high blood pressure. Let’s understand more about the difference between low blood pressure and high blood pressure below.
Differences in Symptoms of High Blood pressure and Low Blood pressure
High blood pressure is the force of the outflow of blood against the walls of the blood vessels. High or low blood pressure depends on the resistance of blood vessels and how hard the heart pumps blood.
Hypertension and hypotension often do not cause any symptoms, especially if the sufferer has experienced them for a long time.
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However, people with hypertension can experience the following symptoms:
- Severe headache
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Hard to breathe
- Heart pounding
Meanwhile, hypotension is a condition where blood pressure drops below normal. Symptoms of hypotension include:
- Dizzy spinning
- Head feels light
- Nauseous vomit
- Constant thirst
- Lack of concentration
- Cold and pale skin
- Blurred vision
- Easily tired
The symptoms mentioned above can vary from person to person. The severity of symptoms can start from feeling uncomfortable so it can interfere with daily activities.
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Causes of Hypertension and Hypotension
There are two causes of hypertension, namely primary and secondary. Primary causes are caused by genetic factors, while secondary causes can be caused by disorders of the kidneys, blood vessels, and the endocrine system.
On average, hypertension is caused by a primary cause. In addition, hypertension can also arise due to the consumption of certain drugs, such as cocaine, cyclosporine, alcohol, nicotine, to herbal medicines.
The difference with hypotension, blood pressure can drop at one time due to various conditions and does not cause any symptoms.
Under certain conditions, hypotension needs fast and immediate treatment. This must be done to prevent complications of more serious health problems. These conditions include:
- Heavy bleeding
- Circulatory disorders, such as heart attacks and heart valve disease
- Shock is often accompanied by dehydration
- Anaphylactic shock (severe allergic reaction)
- Infection in the blood
- Endocrine disorders, such as diabetes, adrenal insufficiency, and thyroid disease
Several types of drugs can also lower blood pressure, such as beta blocker and nitroglycerin which is often given to patients with heart disease. Diuretics, antidepressants, and erectile dysfunction drugs can also cause hypotension.
Even so, in some people, low blood pressure often has no known cause. This condition is called chronic asymptomatic hypotension.
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Which is More Dangerous?
High blood pressure and low blood pressure can cause life-threatening complaints and complications. Therefore, both need to get proper treatment to reduce the risk of complications.
Treatment of hypertension depends on the cause. In addition to antihypertensive drugs, the American Heart Association recommends that sufferers limit salt consumption to a maximum of 1,500 mg per day.
Reducing salt consumption can lower blood pressure by 2-8 mmHg.
For people with hypotension, the cause also needs to be known as avoiding trigger factors. If you are taking certain medicines that can cause low blood pressure, you should follow the doctor’s advice and not determine the dosage of the drug yourself.
Recognizing the difference between low blood pressure and high blood pressure can be a good first step in prevention. Don’t forget to check your blood pressure regularly, OK?